The Phonotrope

This is a modern take on one of the earlist forms of animation. A Phonotrope is basically an elaborate Zoetrope unsing a turntable as a base for the construction. The truntable is set to spin a 45rpm, and figures are placed on it at carefully spaced intervals so they appear to remain in the same position but moving. The Phonotrope can be used to animated both two-dimensional and three-dimensional objects, and its depth means that it can also offer backgrounds.

Jim Le Fevre has demonstrated the three-dimensional capabilities of the device on his excellent Blog, I can't post the videos on here but you should go check them out:

I've included a video of 'Bead Spirals' by Graeme Hawkins to demostrate the beauty of the Phonotrope.

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